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Solid-State NMR and DFT Combined for the Surface Study of Functionalized Silicon Nanoparticles

posted May 28, 2016, 4:03 AM by Daniel Lee
Solid-State NMR and DFT Combined for the Surface Study of Functionalized Silicon Nanoparticles
Silicon nanoparticles (NPs) serve a wide range of optical, electronic, and biological applications. Chemical grafting of various molecules to Si NPs can help to passivate their reactive surfaces, “fine-tune” their properties, or even give them further interesting features. In this work, 1H, 13C, and 29Si solid-state NMR spectroscopy has been combined with density functional theory calculations to study the surface chemistry of hydride-terminated and alkyl-functionalized Si NPs. This combination of techniques yields assignments for the observed chemical shifts, including the contributions resulting from different surface planes, and highlights the presence of physisorbed water. Resonances from near-surface 13C nuclei were shown to be substantially broadened due to surface disorder and it is demonstrated that in an ambient environment hydride-terminated Si NPs undergo fast back-bond oxidation, whereas long-chain alkyl-functionalized Si NPs undergo slow oxidation. Furthermore, the combination of NMR spectroscopy and DFT calculations showed that the employed hydrosilylation reaction involves anti-Markovnikov addition of the 1-alkene to the surface of the Si NPs.


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